Community Actions for a Healthful Life
How to make positive changes
You want to eat healthy foods, but your vending machine at work offers only sweets and high fat snack chips. Maybe you’d like walking to do errands instead of driving, if only your neighborhood had sidewalks. Your American Cancer Society knows that there’s work to be done to make all communities better able to help people eat healt hier foods and be more active. Here we discuss our recommendations for community action that are detailed in our 2012 Guidelines for Nutrition and Physical Activity. We will also give you some ideas on what you can do to make changes where you live and work.
Recommendations for community action
The American Cancer Society has issued a call for communities to remove barriers and policies that prevent people from enjoying a healthy lifestyle. Public, private, and community organizations should work together at national, state, and local levels to apply policy and environmental changes that:
- Increase access to affordable, healthy foods in communities, places of work, and schools.
- Decrease access to and marketing of foods and drinks of low nutritional value, particularly to youth.
- Provide safe, enjoyable, and accessible environments for physical activity in schools and at work, and allow walking, bicycling, and other active forms of transportation and recreation in communities.
Social, economic, and cultural factors strongly affect a person’s choices about food and physical activity. Most Americans would like to adopt a healthy lifestyle, but find it hard to follow diet and activity guidelines.
Researchers have identified some things that are helping to make Americans physically inactive and overweight or obese. For instance:
- Many are not able to get healthy foods – this is often due to poor access or high costs.
- Easy access to and heavy marketing of high-calorie foods and drinks of low nutritional value affect daily choices.
- Lack of safe recreation and transportation in communities keep people from being active.
The current increase in overweight and obesity is a special concern in certain groups, particularly children, who are establishing life-long behaviors that affect health.
Lower income neighborhoods are another area of concern. They often do not have supermarkets that sell affordable, high-quality, healthy foods, and safety issues may limit the chance for physical activity.
Policy and environmental changes will be needed to help Americans follow healthy diets and be physically active. And help couldn’t come at a better time. Nearly two-thirds of Americans are now overweight or obese. Heart disease, cancer, and diabetes – lifestyle related diseases – claim hundreds of thousands of lives every year.
Practical ideas to support good eating and physical activity
In the workplace – Many people spend the majority of their days at work. Employers can offer healthy food options in the vending machines and cafeteria, inexpensive access to a gym, and work-based health programs like the American Cancer Society’s Active for Life.
One person can make a difference in their work environment with these ideas:
- Start a walking club at lunch, before work, or afterward.
- Organize a team for local runs, fundraising walks, or a corporate challenge event.
- Find speakers for seminars on nutrition, fitness, or weight loss.
- Add healthy snacks to the menu for company events. Try baked chips or pretzels instead of regular chips. Get fresh fruit and veggie trays, and frozen yogurt with fruit instead of ice cream sundaes for a celebration.
In the community – With rapid urban and suburban growth, parks and recreation facilities are quickly disappearing, taking away prime places to exercise. There’s increasing evidence linking poor access to sidewalks, parks, and recreation facilities to greater obesity risk. Neighborhoods that make it easy to walk, play, and exercise safely have less obesity. Voice your concerns by voting for sidewalks, parks, gyms, bike paths, and green space.
Make change happen more quickly by:
- Starting a community watch group to improve safety for walkers and bikers – especially children. Most people say that concerns over safety make it harder to be physically active.
- Encouraging local planning boards to put in sidewalks, crosswalks, and traffic lights to make walking safe in your neighborhood.
- Ensuring that neighborhoods have safe places to play, as well as routes that allow kids to ride bicycles and walk to school.
Access to supermarkets has been linked to healthier diets with more vegetables and fruits, and lower rates of obesity. Studies have shown that many low-income communities can be described as “food deserts.” They tend to have fewer supermarkets that carry healthy, affordable, high-quality foods. Limited access to supermarkets often results in people shopping for food at nearby convenience stores, where healthy food options are fewer, of lower quality, and cost more. Even in neighborhoods with supermarkets, low-income residents may buy cheaper, higher-calorie foods to save money. People with low incomes tend to eat more low-cost foods, which often have less nutritional value.
If you live or work near a low-income area, you can help by:
- Supporting supermarkets in your area that include fresh, quality produce.
- Eating at restaurants in your area that serve healthy food options and offer calorie counts.
- Supporting local farmers’ markets.
In schools – Many schools don’t require health and physical education classes and many have cut recess to spend more time in the classroom. Talk to the school board about:
- Making health education a priority
- Offering healthy foods and drinks, and limiting access to unhealthy options
- Requiring daily recess or PE classes
You and other concerned parents can take the lead by:
- Starting a school health council.
- Bringing healthy treats for birthday and other parties in school.
- Asking your child’s teacher to establish an “informal policy” about foods brought in for snacks or parties. For example, fruit is preferred, and 100% juice (or water) will be served instead of fruit drinks or soda.
- Proposing different school fund-raisers that involve items other than candy or other foods of low nutritional value.